Athletes and individuals who engage in physical activities and strenuous routines are prone to develop musculoskeletal sports injuries. Some of the most common types of sports injuries revolve around the inflammation of muscles such as muscle sprains and strains, ligament or tendon tears, and joint dislocation. In a study conducted to determine the effectiveness of whole body cryotherapy (WBC) in athletic recovery, it was revealed that WBC can increase the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10, and decrease the levels of proinflammatory cytokine IL-2 and chemokine IL-8. This process is also supported by a decrease in the intracellular adhesion molecule-1.

Furthermore, cold stimulation also improves athletes’ recovery by exerting positive effects on muscular enzymes creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase (Banfi, Lombardi, Colombini & Melegati, 2010). On the other hand, high intensity and high-duration exercises can also induce metabolic stress and increase temperature, which may eventually cause structural damage and muscle soreness. Hence, exposure of the affected area to cold temperature immediately following the exercise, can reduce the energy demand of the muscles and provide temporary analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.

Cryotherapy is the science of exposing the body to sub-zero temperatures of up to -140°C in order to stimulate multiple physical and mental health benefits.

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