The beginnings of cryotherapy can be traced back to ancient Egypt and Greece, when cold was used as a painkiller and anti-inflammatory tool. However, the scientific approach to cold and the effects of its impact on the human body dates back to around 1851. Since then, the number of scientific publications has been growing as well as the range of available cryotherapy techniques.

  • Cryotherapy has roots in ancient times. It has been used successfully for centuries and has been the subject of scientific research for 170 years.
  • Cryotherapy has been successfully used in medicine, physiotherapy and rehabilitation.
  • Cryotherapy uses temperatures ranging from -110 degrees Celsius and lower.
The begginins of cryotherapy can be traced back to ancient Egipt and Greece

The begginins of cryotherapy

In the Edwin Smith Papyrus from around 1600 BC, which is an ancient Egyptian medical text (named after the dealer who bought the text in 1862), we find a description of using cold to treat injuries and inflammation. Approximately 1,200 years later, Hippocrates used ice to relieve pain, and Anglo-Saxon monks in 1050 AD used ice as a local anesthetic.

We owe Dr. James Arnott a fully scientific approach to cryotherapy. His work encouraged others to study this topic, and before the end of the 19th century, cryotherapy began using condensed air. As early as 1907, the beneficial effects of cryotherapy on various skin diseases were described. And when liquefied oxygen and nitrogen became available, cryotherapy quickly spread, and the cold began to be used in surgery.

Cryotherapy is a recognized treatment method

Cryotherapy today

Currently, cryotherapy is a recognized treatment method. Its analgesic effects are commonly used. Doctors use cryotherapy to treat tendonitis, runner’s knees or arthritis. Sports medicine is very eager to use cryotherapy. Where overloads or injuries often occur, applying cold to a wounded, strained and aching place quickly brings relief, supports rehabilitation and allows for shortening the athlete’s rehabilitation period. Cryotherapy is therefore a scientific method, approved for use in medicine and physiotherapy, proven and safe many times.

Cryotherapy is nothing more than exposing the body to temperatures below -110 degrees Celsius, reaching even -140 degrees Celsius

What is cryotherapy?

Cryotherapy is nothing more than exposing the body to temperatures below -110 degrees Celsius, reaching even -140 degrees Celsius. Cryotherapy can be divided into local and systemic. Local cryotherapy occurs when the cold is directed only to a specific place that we want to cool. Systemic cryotherapy, carried out in a cryochamber, allows the entire body to be cooled.

The physiological and biological effects of cryotherapy are caused by a decrease in tissue temperature and the effect of cold on the nervous system and muscles. Cold raises the pain threshold, and reduces the inflammatory response. After applying cold, the blood vessels are suddenly narrowed and blood flow is temporarily slowed down. For a moment, metabolism is slowed down, and cooled tissues are less well supplied with oxygen and nutrients. However, the body begins to defend itself and the blood vessels widen quickly. The immune and endocrine systems are put to work. There is an increased secretion of endorphins, which have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Muscle tension is reduced, making the muscles more flexible and more efficient. Blood flows mainly to the skull, chest and abdomen. The temperature of other parts of the body, especially the limbs, decreases.

One treatment is not enough to achieve a therapeutic effect. To have a physiological effect, treatment should be applied in a cycle that should consist of a minimum of 10 treatments.

After leaving the cryochamber, you can exercise without aches or pain. Chilled muscles and organs are happy to receive warm blood that circulates faster than usual for oxygen and nutrients. It is easier then to stretch the muscles and improve joints. You will have a better mood, and a regenerated and relaxed body allowing for more intense exercise.

Before starting cryotherapy, it is recommended to consult a doctor to exclude potential contraindications and choose the appropriate therapeutic cycle